Elementary and Secondary Education Act
LanguagesA-Z IndexPrinter Friendly Image


The federal Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), enacted in 1965, is the nation’s national education law and shows a longstanding commitment to equal opportunity for all students.

ESEA authorizes state-run programs for eligible schools and districts eager to raise the academic achievement of struggling learners and address the complex challenges that arise for students who live with disability, mobility problems, learning difficulties, poverty, or transience, or who need to learn English.

Every Student Succeeds Act
On December 10, 2015, President Obama reauthorized ESSA as the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA). The new law builds on key areas of progress in recent years, made possible by the efforts of educators, communities, parents, and students across the country.

ESSA replaces the previous reauthorization of ESEA, known as the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, enacted in 2002. ESSA will be fully operational in school year 2017-18, and a lot of work needs to be done between now and then as we make the transition.

Unlocking Federal and State Program Funds to Support Student Success
ESSA allows some funding sources to be merged, or “braided,” to support programs that improve student learning. A very simple example, given in more detail on page 8, suggests braiding multiple funds to help students who are not meeting standard for their grade in English language arts. The district could use funds from the following:

  • Title I, Part A of ESSA;
  • Individuals with Disabilities Act, Part B CEIS;
  • Learning Assistance Program (a state program that provides funds to help students meet standard); and
  • Title II, Part A

Unlocking Federal and State Program Funds to Support Student Success guidance document. Updated February 26, 2019

Federal (ESEA) Programs for Schools & Districts
Title Programs
Title I, A Programs and services for struggling learners
Title I, C Migrant Education
Title I, D Institutional Education
Title I, G Advanced Placement
Title II, A Teacher & Principal Quality
Title III English Learners & Immigrant Students — Language Instruction
Title IV, A Student Support & Academic Enrichment
Title IV, B 21st Century Community Learning Centers
Title VI Rural Education Achievement Program
Title VII Indian, Native Hawaiian, Alaska Native Education
Title IX Homeless Education (McKinney-Vento Education for Homeless Children & Youth Program)

Advanced Placement (AP) & International Baccalaureate (IB)
Advanced Placement (AP) AP/IB Test Fee Program

Career & Technical Education
Perkins Carl D. Perkins Act/Career & Technical Education Improvement

Discrimination, Section 504, Harassment
Equity & Civil Rights promotes the understanding of rights and responsibilities under civil rights laws, and monitors school district compliance with these laws.

Private Schools & Federal Programs
Private School & Non-profit Participation in federal programs, equitable services

School Safety
Gun-Free Schools Supports school safety and monitors/reports gun-related incidents

Monitoring & Compliance
Consolidated Program Review (CPR) is the monitoring arm of the ESEA, responsible for the review of all ESEA-funded and several state-funded programs. Our CPR team is focused on compliance with law and regulation as central to the positive potential in these programs to support high-quality interventions and lead to better student outcomes.

Federal Program Accountability
Federal Accountability Reports capture student data and information related to the performance of federal programs. OSPI submits these reports to the U.S. Department of Education.











Laws and Regulations


   Updated 4/11/2019

Old Capitol Building, PO Box 47200, 600 Washington St. S.E., Olympia, WA    98504-7200    360-725-6000  TTY 360-664-3631
Contact Us    |    Site Info    |    Staff Only    |    Privacy Policy